4 Types of Wood Every Woodworker Should Know About

Knowing the types of wood to work with can bring out more pizazz in your projects.

Choosing the right wood is crucial. It can make or break the project. Unfortunately, it’s not easy to do it. Choosing the right wood might even be the most confusing part about woodworking.

As it is, woodworking is challenging enough. There are a lot of things about it that can get quite confusing, especially at the start of a project. One of which is deciphering which tool to use.

Aside from that, one would also have to know which wood is right for the project. When choosing wood, there are a lot of things to consider. Given the vast varieties of wood, it’s a very difficult task to choose the right kind for a particular project.

To make matters worse, the long list of woodworking jargons just doesn’t make it any easier for anybody. Nonetheless, that’s no excuse for having limited or almost no knowledge of the types of wood for woodworking.

4. Softwood

Softwood is one of the two kinds of solid wood available in the market. This particular wood is taken from the conifer tree.

One of the most common type of softwood is pine. It is also usually more affordable than the rest. This particular softwood is widely used in framing and home construction.

It easy to find pine boards in home centers. They come in various sizes. Pine boards are a good for projects that require some painting.

The good thing about pine is that it’s very easy to work with. It’s easy to cut and sand this particular lumber. It also won’t damage the blades.

However, there is a drawback. Since it’s soft, it scratches and dents easier. It’s not exactly the best kind of wood to use for building furniture or anything that’s functional.

3. Hardwood

The other kind of solid wood to choose from is hardwood.  Thanks to its durability, this particular type of wood is usually used in furniture making. Good examples of hardwood are mahogany, cherry, oak, and walnut.

Hardwood is usually chosen for projects that are intended to last for a very long time. The density of this particular lumber makes it very sturdy. Woodworking projects made out of hardwood usually stand the test of time.

Unfortunately, there is a drawback. The density of hardwood could be tough on the tools. Aside from that, hardwood is hard to find and can get pretty expensive as well.

2. Plywood

Plywood is very versatile. That’s what makes this particular lumber very popular. Since it comes in various types, it can get pretty confusing to choose which kind of plywood to use. One would have to look out for the various types of plywood before deciding on which type to use.

Since plywood is manufactured, it’s not considered as solid timber. Thin layers of solid wood are glued together in opposite directions. That contributes a lot to the stability and strength of plywood. Interestingly, plywood is very flexible that it can be curved into various shapes.

Plywood comes in various grades. It’s best to look out for Grade A plywood since it can be sanded and painted easily.

The quality of plywood is determined by the number of layers it has. The more layers it has, the better the quality. It’s also a good idea to check out the voids along the edges. The lesser the voids, the better.

Plywood is a pretty stable timber to consider. Unlike solid lumber, it does not expand or contract during the rainy months when it’s humid.

Baltic Birch is the most commonly used plywood in woodworking. In case it does not come in in full-sized sheets, there are cut sheets or handi-panels that can be considered as well. There is also hardwood plywood but that can be pretty expensive.

1. Medium Density Fiberboard Or MDF

Medium Density Fiberboard or MDF is the most affordable type of wood to use in some projects. It’s widely used by retailers, like IKEA. Furniture that needs assembling are usually made from this particular lumber.

One advantage of working with MDF is that it’s very easy to handle.

“The material itself is upper easy to machine and work with, It cuts like butter and edge profiles rout are easily. It’s a great option for small decorative interior projects that’s going to paint and you don’t have to worry about it splintering the way wood or plywood can.”

MDF could get pretty heavy. However, that’s not the main drawback of this particular lumber. It’s not so much the weight but the amount of dust MDF produces when it’s cut or sanded. That’s not good for the health.

Hopefully, this video can help. It talks about the 4 kinds of wood to choose from.

These 4 types of woods all have their own advantages and disadvantages. It’s crucial to really know more about a particular kind of wood before choosing it for a project.

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